राजीव गांधी जलकृषि केंद्र

(Aquaculture Technology Incubation Centre of MPEDA)
(Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Govt. of India)
Affiliated by Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, India.


Artemia Project

RGCA has established an integrated Artemia production unit for the first time in India and started cyst production trials by 2007 at Tharuvaikulam, Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu. In 2014, RGCA developed Artemia demonstration farm at Uppoor, Ramanathapuram, Tamil Nadu.

Artemia: The most popular live feed for aqua-sector world-wide.
Scientific Classification
Phylum Arthropoda
Subphylum Crustacea
Class Branchiopoda
Order Anostraca
Family Artemiidae
Genus Artemia
Species franciscana

Major Objectives

To develop and standardize the technology for good quality Artemia cyst and biomass production.

To disseminate the Artemia cyst production and farming technology through technology transfer programmes.

Salient features of the Project

Artemia, commonly known as Brine shrimp, is a unique cosmopolitan anostracan (Class Branchiopoda) living in hypersaline and saline lakes, lagoons and man-made salterns with salinity levels ranging from 10 to 340 g/l.

Artemia is one of the best Live-feed that has revolutionized Aquaculture industry and used for more than 85 % of Aquaculture hatcheries, mainly shrimp hatcheries.

Annual harvests from Great Salt Lake, Utah were in the order of 2000 tonnes of dry cyst making up more than 90 percent of the world's cyst market.

A. franciscana (bisexual species) is now commonly available in Indian saline water bodies for the past two decades whereas the native Artemia species, A. parthenogenetica (asexual species) is rarely found.

The cyst produced from RGCA's units has good hatching rate of 90-95%. RGCA also supplies Dried Artemia Flakes and Decapsulated Artemia cyst.

RGCA is providing hands-on training in Artemia cyst and biomass production to improve the Socio-economic status of coastal communities, Women Self-help Groups, salt farmers and interested entrepreneurs.

Services offered:

Training programmes: Hands-on training programmes on-
Artemia Biomass production
Artemia cyst production

Consultancy for Artemia Cyst & Biomass production

*For details please contact Extension Department, RGCA [email:]


Since inception, nearly 3,232 Tins of dry cyst (each tin contains 425g dry cysts) were produced and supplied to 241 beneficiaries and 8,595kg of Artemia biomass were produced and supplied to 405 beneficiaries.

Eight Hands-on training programmes were conducted benefitting 265 participants.

Uniqueness of RGCA's Swadeshi "Pearl Brand" Artemia:

Sl.No Parameters
Sample (imported brand collected from Mudcrab Project)
Sample (RGCA Pearl Brand cyst produced from Artemia Demofarm) g/100g
1 C12:0 Lauric Acid <0.01 0.02
2 C14:0 Myristic Acid <0.01 0.03
3 C16:0 Palmitic Acid 0.08 0.20
4 C18:0 Stearic Acid 0.07 0.06
5 C16:1 Palmitoleic Acid <0.01 0.09
6 C17:1 Cis-10-Heptadecanoic Acid <0.01 0.02
7 C18:1 Oleic Acid 0.07 0.13
8 C18:2 Lenoleic acid <0.01 0.01
9 Saturated Fatty Acids 0.15 0.3 1
10 Mono Unsaturated Fatty Acids 0.07 0.23

The above comparative nutritional profile of RGCA's "Pearl Brand"Artemia cyst clearly indicates the presence of Highly Unsaturated Fatty Acids as it is a key factor to determine the nutritional value and the effectiveness of its use for aqua-larviculture in marine hatcheries.

Here We Are

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M Samaya kannan

Senior Scientific Officer [In Charge]

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G Karthik


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Dr. S. Balachandar

Scientific Officer

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Senior Field Officer

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K. Velmurugan

Senior Field Officer

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N. Vignesh Raja

Senior Field Officer

1] Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Aquaculture
Pilot Scale Artemia Project,
No.2/340, Rajiv Gandhi Road, Tharuvaikulam (PO), 
Ottapidaram Taluk, Tuticorin 628 105, 
Tamil Nadu, INDIA.  
Tel : +91 46129 03330  
Email :

2] Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Aquaculture
Artemia Demonstration Farm,
No. 1/273-2, Kadaloor Village, Uppoor (PO), 
R.S.Mangalam Taluk, Ramanathapuram (Dist) 623 525, 
Tamil Nadu, INDIA.  
Tel : +91 99651 40759  
Email :

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